Barbara R. Arnwine is the President and Founder of the Transformative Justice Coalition. Formerly President of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Arnwine has become internationally renowned for contributions on critical justice issues, including the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1991. A graduate of Scripps College and Duke University School of Law, she continues to champion civil rights issues nationally and internationally in the areas of housing, fair lending, community development, employment, voting, education, environmental justice and more. A prominent leader in the civil rights community, Barbara also continues to fight for the preservation of affirmative action and diversity programs. Under her leadership, the Lawyers’ Committee began monitoring treaty compliance and responding to reports written by the United States regarding the requirements of both the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination following the United Nations Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review, which last occurred in November 2010.